• Part of
    Ubiquity Network logo

    Read Chapter
  • No readable formats available
  • Animation and Montage: Or, Photographic Records of Documents

    Hannah Frank

    Chapter from the book: Frank, H. 2019. Frame by Frame: A Materialist Aesthetics of Animated Cartoons.


    This chapter takes up the central methodological problem for the frame-by-frame method: how to account for and think about the thousands of frames in each cartoon. It argues for understanding the frame as a photographic document, one that records the process of its own production. This entails treating the image in the frame as distinct from the flow of the film, isolating it and looking for new connections with other images—whether from the same cartoon or not. To derive an adequate method, the chapter turns to models of montage from the American avant-garde and historiographic studies of Emily Dickinson and Herman Melville by Jay Leyda. In all of these, a focus on the individual fragment—whether historical document or visual image—allows for new approaches to what the frame shows. This chapter thus offers a model for understanding the historical and theoretical significance of the part (or, in this case, the frame) in relationship to the work of art as a whole.

    Chapter Metrics:

    How to cite this chapter
    Frank, H. 2019. Animation and Montage: Or, Photographic Records of Documents. In: Frank, H, Frame by Frame. California: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.65.b

    This chapter distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution + Noncommercial + ShareAlike 4.0 license. Copyright is retained by the author(s)

    Peer Review Information

    This book has been peer reviewed. See our Peer Review Policies for more information.

    Additional Information

    Published on May 7, 2019


    comments powered by Disqus