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  • Introduction: Looking at Labor

    Hannah Frank

    Chapter from the book: Frank, H. 2019. Frame by Frame: A Materialist Aesthetics of Animated Cartoons.


    The introduction sets out the terms of frame-by-frame analysis, showing how it disrupts the flow of the cartoon to reveal the individual frames and images that comprise it. This means a focus on the role of photography, on the one hand, in the preservation of each collection of cels and, on the other, on the arrangement of the fragments in a form of montage. The impetus for this dual approach, the treatment of frames at once as a document and as an aesthetic object, has its origin in the writings of Sergei Eisenstein and Walter Benjamin. It also emerges from the American avant-garde, and the films of Robert Breer and Ken Jacobs.

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    Frank, H. 2019. Introduction: Looking at Labor. In: Frank, H, Frame by Frame. California: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.65.a

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    Published on May 7, 2019


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