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  • Groundwater and Hydraulic Opulence in the Late Nineteenth Century

    Casey Walsh

    Chapter from the book: Walsh, C. 2018. Virtuous Waters: Mineral Springs, Bathing, and Infrastructure in Mexico.


    In the second half of the nineteenth century, improved drilling and pumping technology integrated subterranean aquifers into urban water infrastructure, providing an unprecedented opulence of water. Public baths serving all classes expanded their services, and swimming pools and bathhouses opened in the new, wealthy neighborhoods near Chapultepec Park and along Paseo de la Reforma. Although water opulence and the expansion of infrastructure led increasingly to the practice of individual private bathing in the household, social bathing continued and even expanded during this time.

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    Walsh, C. 2018. Groundwater and Hydraulic Opulence in the Late Nineteenth Century. In: Walsh, C, Virtuous Waters. California: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.48.e

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    Published on March 9, 2018