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  • Movement of People and Money

    Seonmin Kim

    Chapter from the book: Kim, S. 2017. Ginseng and Borderland: Territorial Boundaries and Political Relations between Qing China and Chosŏn Korea, 1636–1912.


    This chapter explores the Chosŏn tributary embassy and their trade activities in Qing territory. Qing foreign policy guaranteed regular visits from the subordinate neighbor for the purpose of paying tribute, and the Chosŏn’s practice of sending tributary embassies created an opportunity for Koreans to make regular contact with Qing people. Although the practice of tribute payment was intended to preserve the political hierarchy between the Qing and Chosŏn, it also attracted people, money, and goods to the boundary and the northeastern margin of Qing territory. This chapter stresses that trade and tribute, the two key elements of Qing foreign policy, complemented each other to form a commercial web spanning the boundary between the two neighbors.

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    How to cite this chapter
    Kim, S. 2017. Movement of People and Money. In: Kim, S, Ginseng and Borderland. California: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.36.e

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    Published on Sept. 12, 2017