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  • Policing the Public in the New Capital

    Nicole Elizabeth Barnes

    Chapter from the book: Barnes, N. 2018. Intimate Communities: Wartime Healthcare and the Birth of Modern China, 1937–1945.


    When war broke out with the Imperial Japanese Army in July 1937, China’s Nationalist government and millions of refugees retreated to the inland provinces. Establishing a wartime capital in Chongqing proved tricky, particularly because the masculinist state, in which men occupied all the leadership roles, prioritized political sovereignty and aesthetics over people’s needs. Health officials failed to clean the capital when people resisted health regulations, even when Chiang Kai-shek declared Chongqing a New Life Movement Demonstration District.

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    How to cite this chapter
    Barnes, N. 2018. Policing the Public in the New Capital. In: Barnes, N, Intimate Communities. California: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.59.b

    This chapter distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution + Noncommercial 4.0 license. Copyright is retained by the author(s)

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    Published on Oct. 23, 2018


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